Frequently Asked Question
What is hyperpigmentation?
Hyperpigmentation refers to the darkening or discolouration of the skin, usually caused by an overproduction of melanin, the pigment responsible for skin colour. It manifests as dark spots, patches, or uneven skin tone.
What are the common causes of hyperpigmentation?
Hyperpigmentation causes various factors, including sun exposure, hormonal changes (such as during pregnancy or menopause), skin inflammation or injury, certain medications, and genetic predisposition.
Are there different types of hyperpigmentation?
Yes, there are different types of hyperpigmentation. The most common types include melasma, post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation (PIH), and age spots (also known as liver spots).
How can I prevent hyperpigmentation?
To prevent hyperpigmentation, it is important to protect your skin from excessive sun exposure by wearing a minimum spf 50 sunscreen, seeking shade, and using protective clothing. Avoid picking or popping pimples to prevent post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation. Maintaining a healthy lifestyle, managing stress, and avoiding certain medications or chemicals that may trigger pigmentation also help.
Can hyperpigmentation be treated?
Yes, there are several treatments available for hyperpigmentation. These include topical creams or serums containing hydroquinone, retinoids, kojic acid, or vitamin C. A dermatologist may also recommend chemical peels, microdermabrasion, intense pulsed light (IPL) treatments, and laser therapy,
How long does it take for hyperpigmentation to fade?
The time it takes for hyperpigmentation to fade varies depending on the individual, the severity of the pigmentation, and the chosen treatment method. It takes several weeks to months for noticeable improvements to occur.
Can hyperpigmentation recur after treatment?
Yes, hyperpigmentation recurs, mainly if the underlying cause is not addressed or if there is continued exposure to triggering factors such as the sun. Following a consistent skincare routine is essential to prevent recurrence, protect your skin from the sun, and address any hormonal imbalances or other underlying causes.
Are there any lifestyle changes that help to improve hyperpigmentation?
Yes, adopting a healthy lifestyle has a positive impact on hyperpigmentation. Some lifestyle changes may help include:
✅ Quit smoking.
✅ Eating a balanced diet rich in antioxidants.
✅ Managing stress levels.
✅ Getting enough sleep.
✅ Maintain a regular skincare routine.
Is it necessary to consult a dermatologist for hyperpigmentation?
While mild cases of hyperpigmentation sometimes can be managed with over-the-counter treatments, it is advisable to consult a dermatologist for a proper diagnosis and personalised treatment plan, especially if the condition is severe, persistent, or affecting your self-esteem. A dermatologist provides expert guidance and recommends the most suitable treatment options.